Case studies and process tracing
Viii l case studies and theory development in the social sciences 1 l short regular long job# 997 george p viii chapter 9 the congruence method 181 chapter 10 process-tracing and historical explanation 205. Causal inference via process tracing has received increasing attention during recent years rohlfing has published the book case studies and causal inference and . Theory-guided process-tracing in comparative politics: something old, something new within-case analysis to evaluate causal processes process-tracing allows . We relate the idea of a causal mechanism to process tracing, discuss different variants of process tracing and within-case analysis, and how process tracing might help in diminishing some of the problems that one confronts in comparative case studies.
Modular process case studies a self- regulating electric heat tracing system was selected due to low maintenance requirements and pipe freezing prevention features. For process tracing approaches to case study research particularly in political science, process tracing frequently involves the analysis of political developments at the highest. Process tracing is one of the methods used in case studies that involves “systematic examination of diagnostic evidence selected and analyzed in light of research questions and hypotheses posed” (collier 2011, 823).
Process tracing and causal-process tracing: from a broad term to a specified methodological approach many studies in comparative public policy and related areas claim to involve process tracing. Because within-case analysis or process tracing relies on a different logic (one that can perhaps be usefully modeled using bayesian approaches), it is an inappropriate target for the frequentist degrees-of-freedom critique that has often been leveled against qualitative studies. Mixing methods: a bayesian approach (cross-case) and process-level (within-case) observations, given prior beliefs about causal ef- relational analysis and . For scholars of ir, the most discipline-specific broader text is case studies and theory development in the social sciences (george and bennett 2005), while qualitative methods in international relations (klotz and prakash 2008) also contains contributions that explicitly address case study methods, or methods such as process tracing, that are .
A revolutionary textbook introducing masters and doctoral students to the major research approaches and methodologies in the social sciences written by an outstanding set of scholars, and derived from successful course teaching, this volume will empower students to choose their own approach to research, to justify this approach, and to situate it within the discipline. Studies rely almost exclusively on within-case methods, process-tracing, and congruence, but they may also make use of counterfactual analysis to posit a control case. This article discusses process tracing as a methodology for testing hypotheses in the social sciences with process tracing tests, the analyst combines preexisting generalizations with specific observations from within a single case to make causal inferences about that case. Process-tracing (pt) as a distinct case-study methodology involves tracing causal mechanisms that link causes (x) with their effects (ie outcomes) (y). Case studies and theory development in the social sciences process-tracing and historical case studies and theory development case study methods and .
The paper uses theory-building process-tracing to reconstruct the causal model behind municipal lobby influence in the public procurement case. 12 case studies and process tracing: theories and practices pascal vennesson introduction a signiﬁcant part of what we know about the social and political world comes. 3 the case for process tracing: aligning methodology to ontology why is it fruitful to go beyond cross-case comparisons and to focus on within-case. Understanding process tracing - volume 44 issue 4 - david collier process tracing is a fundamental tool of qualitative analysis this method is often invoked by scholars who carry out within-case analysis based on qualitative data, yet frequently it is neither adequately understood nor rigorously applied. Abstract process-tracing (pt) as a distinct case-study methodology involves tracing causal mechanisms that link causes (x) with their effects (ie outcomes) (y).
Case studies and process tracing
In this book, george and bennett explain how research methods such as process tracing and comparative case studies are designed, carried out, and used as the basis for theory development in social science they provide an invaluable research guide for any scholar interested in the case study . Element description the case object of the case study identified as the entity of interest or unit of analysis program, individual, group, social situation, organization, event, phenomena, or process. Tracing process to performance of collaborative governance: a comparative case study of federal hydropower licensing a comparative case study for assessing the . Process-tracing methods the research question at hand and a set of guidelines for each stage of the research process process tracing, case studies .
- Process tracing is a method used to evaluate and develop theories in psychology, political science, or usability studies in process tracing studies, multiple data points are collected in comparison to simple input-output methods, where only one measurement per task is available.
- Make inferences using non-variational, within-case evidence in case studies day 3 introduces the two most prevalent within-case methods: congruence and process-tracing the course.
Tion in process tracing sometimes relies on quantitative data thisiscertainlyreasonable,giventhat—inthespiritofpursu- ing multi-method research—the boundary between qualitative. Case study methods: design, use, within-case methods of analysis process tracing there are three methods of within-case analysis: process tracing, congru-. 1 case studies and process tracing outline tommaso pavone ([email protected]) spring 2015 the qualitative-quantitative divide (or, kkv vs everyone).